Body Composition Analysis

We use the Inbody270 scanner for testing. It is a Bio-electrical Impedance Analysis (BIA) scanner.

The Inbody 270 measures the following:
Body composition analysis: It calculates the value for each body component which is equal to the person’s weight when you add the individual sections together. The four body components consist of: total body water (TBW), muscle mass, bone mineral mass and body fat mass.
Muscle fat analysis: Here we look at three things: weight, skeletal muscle mass and body fat mass.
Obesity analysis: Here we give feedback on the BMI (Body mass index, weight(kg)/height2) and PBF (Percent body fat) to determine obesity levels.
Segmental Lean & Fat Analysis: The Inbody 270 shows the amount of lean mass in each arm, leg and the trunk compared to the normal range. It measures the amount of muscle mass in kg and gives percentages and indicates in which areas more muscle mass is and where the imbalances are that should be rectified.

It does the exact same for the amount of fat mass in each segment of the body.

Inbody Score: This is a motivational scoring tool. As the body composition changes with exercise, the score should increase or if the person gained more fat, the score will decrease. In cases where a person is very muscular the score can be over a 100.
Weight control: With weight control the InBody270 will indicate how much body fat the person should drop to get to their target weight and in some cases the Inbody will advise to lose fat and to gain muscle. This helps a lot in cases where participants are taking their health seriously and really want to make a change. These results help to start and set up goals in the right direction.
Basal Metabolic Rate (BMR): This is the minimum amount of energy required to sustain vital functions whilst at rest.

In cases of weight loss it is important to create a calorie deficit. According to research if you eat less or exercise 7 days of the week, where you eat 500cal less or burn 500cal per exercise session, you will lose 500g per week.

Waist-Hip Ratio: Waist-Hip ratio (WHR) is determined by dividing the waist circumference at the line of the navel by the maximum hip circumference.
Visceral Fat: Adults who have abdominal obesity tend to have excessive visceral fat (increased fat stored around the abdominal organs internally) and this has been linked with an increased risk of developing cardiovascular disease, high blood pressure and diabetes later in life.

The level of the visceral fat on the InBody270 scanner should be between 4-7 and if it is > than 7 we will promote exercise for health promotion and long-term benefits later in life.
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